4 Types of Heart Disease

Heart Disease or CVD is a broad term for a group of diseases that affect the heart and circulatory systems of the human body. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study, nearly a quarter (24.8 per cent) of all deaths in India are due to CVDs. In 2022, the real-time statistics have definitely to exceeded the above figures.

Heart Disease is called silent disease, meaning often there are no symptoms until it’s too late. It is important to be aware of the risk factors, make lifestyle changes, and keep your heart health in check using a vital monitoring device to prevent CVD from becoming worse. Here at Curofone, we aim to make people’s hearts healthy. Let’s begin by understanding the different types of heart disease that can become fatal if not treated on time.

4 Types of Heart Disease

1. Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is a condition in which the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked, reducing blood flow to the heart and other vital organs. It is typically caused by atherosclerosis, an increase in plaque buildup inside of arteries that can cause them to harden and narrow. This blockage can lead to angina, heart attack, or stroke.

2. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a condition that can lead to irregular heartbeats. It is a condition in which the heartbeat is too slow or too fast. Cardiac arrhythmia happens when electrical impulses in the heart don’t work correctly. There are different types of arrhythmias, including tachycardia and bradycardia. Tachycardia is a rapid heartbeat, while bradycardia is a slow heartbeat. The most common type in adults is atrial fibrillation- disorganised signals that lead to atria squeezing fast and out of sync. If you have been diagnosed with Arrhythmia, consider using a patient monitoring system like CuroMe to measure your ECG anytime, anywhere!

3. Heart Failure

 Heart failure occurs when the heart becomes too weak to pump blood to the body efficiently, causing symptoms such as shortness of breath, swelling or fluid buildup in the lungs and legs, fatigue, and dizziness. This disease often affects older people who have experienced high blood pressure for a long time and have had coronary artery diseases, and heart attacks before developing heart failure.

4. Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes enlarged and stiff, making it difficult for the organ to pump blood efficiently. This causes an increase in pressure on the left ventricle, which then leads to congestive heart failure. Cardiomyopathy can be hereditary or acquired through viral infections.

Risk Factors & Common Symptoms of Heart Disease

Risk Factors: Heart disease can be caused by genetic disorders, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors. Risk factors for heart diseases include smoking, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, etc.

Common Symptoms: Heart diseases often go undetected because they are not as noticeable as other conditions that affect people daily. Common symptoms may include shortness of breath, chest pain, weakness, fatigue, fast heart rate and more.

Switch to a healthy lifestyle for a healthy heart!

While all these heart diseases are risky for your life, prevention, proper treatment and cardiac rehabilitation program- CardioCare Plan in India is here to help. Start living a healthier life by making small changes. This could be anything from good sleep habits, to eating healthily and exercising more often – even if it’s just walking around the block!

Make health vital monitoring a habit, bring home CuroMe, a portable patient monitoring system that lets you measure ECG, Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, SpO2, and Temperature with a single device. Take care of yourself emotionally and mentally as well. We hope this blog helps you understand heart diseases better and take step towards a life that’s free from these heart ailments!